Web hosting is the service that permits individuals and organizations to post a web page or an entire website on to the Internet. A web hosting service provider, is a firm that provides the services and technologies required for the web pages or website to be seen on the Internet. These sites are stored, or hosted, on specialized computers known as servers.
There are several types of hosting companies usually depending on how they offer their services. The following is a possible categorization of some of the most common types of web hosting companies;
Shared web hosts
This is the most common way of hosting a website. It is recommended, especially for individuals to start on and also for those without really heavy or dedicated use because it is easy to use. In this type of hosting, a single server is used by several clients, giving the following benefits of that it is cheaper as you do not have to pay the cost of the whole server as you are sharing with others and it is also easy to use the hosting company is responsible for all maintenances and any security update that may be required on your behalf. Also the server sets with the most common options, giving you an easy time with the control panel.
The disadvantage is that by sharing a server when a site is really busy among the ones that are shared, it may consequently affect the rest of the site. It is also offers less flexibility as a result of being shared.
This is the most preferred and prestigious type of web hosting available. In this type of hosting a client gets a server and all its resources and then they are dedicated solely to that particular site. It is the most executive type of hosting and comes with the following benefits; it offers the flexibility of customization since one is at will choosing the specific hardware and software that will suit their needs. You also enjoy guaranteed speed and full control as you are not being affected by any other site. The shortcoming of this type of setup is the fact that you need to have technical understanding and functioning of servers as you have to tune, then the server and maintain it by yourself and also the cost to acquire and run is really high and only affordable and recommended for large corporations.
It is usually a kind of a combo of shared and dedicated hosting. A site has its own server yet the host shares servers with other clouds. This is done by the use of virtual partitioning, which allows for personal customization just like in dedicated. The cloud has the advantage of that it is more flexible and reliable as it is able to adapt to problems in hardware and in case of a failure relocate your site to a safe location. Also, there is a fact that your website enjoys dedicating resources and also only a few sites share a server. Due to the presence of virtual servers, the users are able to customize their partitions.